John Ashcroft, Bush's first Attorney General, notified all Federal agencies that they were to refuse all Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, and that the Department of Justice would back them up.

"Why are we talking about this in the White House? History will not judge this kindly." -- John Ashcroft, on torture being micromanaged in the White House basement by Dick Cheney, Condolleeza Rice, Colin Powell, George Tenet, Donald Rumsfeld and himself.

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